Laser levels have a specific design and can be applied in various ways, versatile tools. What is the function of a laser level? Leveling stands on or on top of the tripod or base of the surface as the most critical component. By doing so, the beam will be protected at the appropriate height. Another component is the leveling system, which may be an automatic and automatic laser level or a spirit level attached to the units.
Laser levels work differently depending on their size and specifications. You can save both time and money by doing good alignment work. Laser levels are used for a variety of DIY home renovation projects. However, how do they work? Let’s discuss different technologies and their merits and shortcomings now.
There are three types of technologies or mechanisms used for laser-level work.
- The wire suspended compensators,
- The pendulum mechanisms using a gimbal, and
- The electronic self-leveling.
- 1 The Wire Suspended Compensators
- 2 Gimbal or Pendulum Type Mechanism:
- 3 Electronic Self Leveling
- 4 How to set up a Laser Level?
- 5 Benefits of Using Laser Levels
The Wire Suspended Compensators
This is the beginning of the leveling technology based on the pendulum plumb bob. You can find it mainly on the auto-leveling dumpy optical levels and also on the rotary levels. So, how does it works for leveling? The primary starting process of the work is that the light enters the compensator at the one end and, after that, enters a mirror on a floating surface. Then the light can exist through more lenses. However, for gravity, the floating platform or the cover can move like a plumb bob. The existing light is always level, and the light can enter into a dumpy level.
Merits of this Mechanism
This mechanism is so easy that very little chance to go wrong with it. If you use quality components and manufacture them competently, you can get accurate results with gravity.
Demerits of this Mechanisms
Sometimes, this type of equipment may damage or destroy because the name says the platform hangs over the fine wires. This device sometimes has a significantly less self-leveling range, which is 1 degree compared with other methods. It has about 5 degrees of self-leveling. Regular calibration of checking is a must here.
Gimbal or Pendulum Type Mechanism:
You can find this technology mainly on the line and dot laser plus and some rotating laser levels. Here on the Pendulum-based system, the lesser level generally has a locking knob to protect it during the transition. There is an internal rubber bumper to keep it from damage. Here the main thing is that a central pendulum mounted on a gimbal bearing assembly. That Pendulum can float within the gravity. Both mechanisms, like The Wire, Suspended Compensators, and the gimbal or pendulum type mechanisms, are dependent on slowing and stopping bouncing. The dampening usually depends on the use of magnets. When you see that there is no dampening, then the Pendulum will continue to move for several minutes. With the compensator, these movements will stop within a second.
Merits of this Mechanisms
This mechanism is inexpensive and straightforward, just like wire suspended compensators. Self-leveling occurs within seconds and continuously. It is fast and reliable. Compared to the wire-suspended compensator, this method provides a more robust tool. It has a better range of self-leveling.
Demerits of this Mechanisms
For its accuracy, this method relies on a friction fee bearing. So, any dust and damage influence these techniques.
Electronic Self Leveling
Most of the current rotating laser levels and some more significant line laser levels can use this mechanism. This is almost similar to the pendulum method, except the Pendulum is not free from floating. The Pendulum has an electronic sensor and a motor to move the Pendulum to the correct position. There are mainly two motors and two sensors because of the two-axis for the horizontal leveling. This sensor has a vial with a light source on one side and a light detector on the other side of the vial. The maximum amount of light comes to the sensor when the bubble is in the central position. It can indicate that the sensor is level, and at that time, it tells the motor to stop adjusting. The axis is situated at 90 degrees and has an x-axis and y-axis. When both of the axes are level, then the horizontal plane of 360 degrees is level.
Merits of this Mechanisms
This device can program many features like TILT movement warning, switchable between continuous self-leveling or not, Grade/Slope setting, etc. Generally, the result is very accurate. The mechanisms are also very durable because these mechanisms are not relying on friction-free bearings or delicate wires.
Demerits of this Mechanisms
This process is slower than the other mechanisms at self-leveling. Due to the mechanical and electronic components, this mechanism is very complicated. It is costly also.
How to set up a Laser Level?
You can get the optimum results for your projects by using the proper laser level. But you have to know how to set up the laser level properly to get outstanding performance. Without an appropriate setting, it cannot work or run correctly. The following steps will show you the right way to set up your tool-
- First of all, you have to make sure that the battery should install, or the unit should charge correctly based on the power source.
- Set the base on the unit over the surface. Avoid setting it up on the eye level from the accidental, exposing your eyes to the beams.
- The surface area must be level. Manual units can use the spirit level to get the base setup. At the same time, the self-leveling team will naturally compensate on the surface if it’s not level. Then switch on the group.
- According to the aim of the beam, adjust or rotate the unit horizontally or vertically. But the base must be stable. The surface must mark the horizontal, vertical, or dot projected by the beam on the work.
- This marking will be level relating to the surface.
- The self-leveling unit can move vertically and can compensate for the internal mechanisms. If the height is more, it will need to adjust accordingly.
Before purchasing the laser level, you need to know generally about the construction of your area or buildings. When you rebuild the installations again, the knowledge will help you a lot. However, all the above essential tips and mechanisms will help you to work with the laser level.
Benefits of Using Laser Levels
Like the other jobs, choosing the right tools improve the success of every project. Leveling can be very complicated without the right tools. Manually you can do it, but it’s a very challenging task if you want to remodel your house or if you want to do extensive projects work. With the improvement of technology, we can find great products for making our challenging tasks more manageable. Many homeowners don’t want to rent or purchase new tools, but you can make your work more interesting if you agree to buy a new perfect tool. Such a beneficial tool is a laser level, and using a laser level can save you time.
Laser levels are designed to do specific tasks like- leveling the floor, shelf level, hanging the pictures, framing the prints. With the development of technology, leveling is so significant for large projects.
Actually, for indoor and outdoor purposes, you can use a laser level. Indoor works include lining up walls, leveling the floors, measuring the door and window height, installing the shelves and the cabinets. On the other hand, in the outdoor sector, laser level can help perform different construction tasks like finding the out land elevations for the survey, aligning masonry, checking the status of different kinds of parts beam, etc.
There are mainly three types that you can see mostly for different kinds of leveling work: the cross line laser levels, plane laser levels, and rotary levels commonly used in these sectors. Let’s take a look in-depth look at these popular laser levels and their benefits.
The Cross Line Laser Levels and its Benefits
Across the work area, these laser levels can make both vertical and horizontal laser lines. When your target is to get precise angles during installing the shelves and tilling the wall, kitchen cabinets, etc., the cross-line laser level is for you. This type can do its work either horizontally or vertically or using both type-together. So, you can say this tool is a versatile one. You can get a perfect laser detector when you want to use it outside the area.
The Rotary Laser Levels and its Benefits
If you want to do any extensive project work, I will suggest the rotary laser level to get an accurate result. The rotary laser level can produce a long 360-degree laser line. It can, at the same time, make a stable line over the working surface. You don’t get any limitations by using this type, while others will give because the laser line can appear anywhere you want. This model is designed to create a horizontal line but can incorporate vertical lines as well. Like the cross-line laser level, if you’re going to use it outside, you must use a detector.
The Plane Laser Levels and its Benefits
This laser line is the perfect combination of both cross-line and rotary line laser levels. This combination can allow doing a 360-degree line both horizontally and vertically. But cannot do too many large projects as the rotary laser level can. The plane laser levels are idle for comparatively small projects and also for indoor purposes. Without any dictator, you can do small distance projects on the outside area. This one is idle for the framing work, ditching the pipework, installing the windows frame, and also the framework of the cabinets, shelves, walls, etc.
Moreover, remember that your particular project will tell you which laser level can be helpful for you and which one you need to purchase. If you want to do your indoor projects, then the plane line laser level is perfect, and for extensive outside project work, the rotary laser level is the right choice for you.