Haden mango is well known for its striking rich yellow foundation and crimson blush. This color represents the evolution of this hybrid variety perfectly. Consider its introduction a happy accident of the 20th century, leading to its growth into one of the most extensively grown mangoes in the world. Haden now controls 80% of the mango industry.
Do you want to know more? Then give this article a careful read.
Botanical Classification and other common names of Haden Mango:
Haden is a mono-embryonic mango variety, which is botanically classified as Mangifera Indica’ Haden.’ To your knowledge, “mono embryonic mango variety” means that if the seed is planted, it won’t grow into a seedling that produces actual fruit. Both historical and pedigree analysis indicates that this mango is likely the result of a cross between a Mulgova and a Turpentine mango. It is frequently referred to as the “American tropical agricultural ambassador” to the rest of the world.
History of origin:
More than 100 years ago, the renowned Haden mango variety originated in Florida, United States. Captain A. J. Hayden, a retired United States Army officer, and his wife came to Coconut Grove, Florida, in1902, where they hoped to devote their time to cultivating fruits and flowers, which they both enjoyed. They planted four dozen Mulgoba mango seedlings. Haden, though, died the following year.
After the death of Captain Haden, his wife Florence took care of the trees on their Coconut Grove property, appreciating their worth and knowing how to proceed, which bore fruit in 1910. Mrs. Hayden sent two lovely specimens to the United States Department of Agriculture in Washington to request that the variety be named after the man who had developed it. Thus, the Hayden mangos were born. Because of Mrs. Hayden’s essential information and the ability to take action, the southeast region of Florida currently contains untold hundreds of acres planted with this tasty variety of mango with a liberal sprinkle of Mulgobas.
Early in the 1970s, the Haden mango was introduced in Australia. It is merely a slight change in the Australian market. Haden has grown to be an essential commercial cultivar in several nations.
However, it is grown for export in Mexico and a few South American nations. Although it is mainly grown in the Northeast and Southeast, it is eaten all around the country. In Brazil, mainly in Belém do Pará, also called the “mango tree city,” giant, leafy trees shade many streets and avenues.
However, Mexico and a few South American countries produce it for export. It is consumed nationwide despite being mostly farmed in the Northeast and Southeast. Many Brazilian streets and avenues are shaded by large, leafy trees, especially in Belém do Pará, popular as the “mango tree city.” Besides these, they are also available in Peru and Ecuador
Description of Haden mango:
- Shape and color:
Haden mangoes have an oval-to-round shape. No other variety of mangoes has ever displayed this nearly perfect roundness. Ripe mangoes are four to six inches in length. Therefore, they are medium-sized. An average mango weighs about 200 grams.
Its skin is brilliant red with green or yellow undertones and tiny white spots. The Haden mango’s gold-red glow is a lucky symbol.
- Texture and Flavor:
The flesh of the Haden mango is firmer than that of other mangoes, such as the Honey mango. It has a yellow tint with a rich and sweet flavor. Their subtle sharpness puts them at the top of any Mango flavor ranking.
When are Haden mangoes in season:
Haden mangos are primarily available in May and June, though they may also be available later in the summer. From January to mid-July, the fruit begins to ripen. In certain countries, they are available from October to December and March to May.
How do you know whether a Haden Mango is ripe or not?
Haden mango is usually green at first. The green areas on the mango skin’s countertop turn a deep golden yellow with crimson red, pink, and orange blush tones as it ripens. It usually has no green hues when fully ripe.
When the fruit is mature enough to eat, it will soften and become quite tender. The flesh should be fragrant and sweet. The tenderness would never be achieved similarly if the fruit were not ripe at harvest. Softening will take place, but a firmness will remain. The color of the background will change, but it may remain mottled. Fruit in this state is edible, but the fragrance and sweetness are likely disappointing, right?
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What is the shelf-life of a Haden Mango?
Haden mangoes can be stored at room temperature for a few days if they are not yet ripe. When ripe and held at 7°C to 8°C for over three days.
Haden mangoes are having few calories. They are an excellent organic source of healthiness. They also include antioxidants, vitamins C and A, and other nutrients.
In our daily meals, 1 cup (165 grams) of sliced Haden mango delivers 93% of the carbohydrates, 3% of the fat, and 3% of the protein. 3g of dietary fiber and 24g of sugar are found in carbs. Saturated, polyunsaturated, and monounsaturated kinds of fat continue to exist and are healthy for human bodies.
Haden mangoes are a good source of calcium, iron, potassium, sodium, and other minerals.
- Haden mangos are a good source of vitamin C, which helps the body’s cells function better. The immune system, the muscles’ connective tissue, and the blood vessel walls’ health depend on vitamin C.
- Haden mango promotes fluid balance. It has a high potassium content, which may aid in controlling blood pressure and the fluid balance of the body, particularly plasma volume.
- Haden mango’s polyunsaturated fat and monounsaturated fat can help lower levels of harmful cholesterol in the body, reducing the risk of heart disease and stroke. They also give our body cells the nourishment they need to grow and remain healthy.
- A good source of vitamin A is the Haden mango. Vitamin A is essential for healthy skin, adequate vision, reproductive function, and cell formation. Vitamin A, an antioxidant that fights oxidative stress, is a precursor of carotenoids. According to what you know, oxidative stress has been linked to metabolic syndrome, dementia, diabetes, cancer, and arthritis.
Applications of Haden mango:
- Haden mango is excellent and in season, so they may be consumed in raw or uncooked form. When they are ripe, they are also tasty and eaten by themselves. Additionally, they can be used to make ice cream, juice, over dry cereal, gelatin or custards, and various desserts, particularly those served cold, such as mousses. Sounds delicious, right?
- The seeds of Haden mango can be used to make flour and are edible. The tree’s many parts treat various illnesses, including diarrhea, fever, chest pain, diabetes, hypertension, etc. It has cardiac, anti-diuretic, anti-diarrheal, and anti-emetic properties.
Price of Haden mango:
Haden mango prices vary depending on several variables, including the buyer’s location and the purchase season. If one lives in a tropical climate, one can get these tropical fruits for as little as $1.50 per pound during the summer and between $2.50 and $4 per pound during the winter when they are out of season and more challenging to locate.
The most outstanding aspect of Haden mango is its incredible aroma; it sneaks out and wonderfully fragrances the entire house. People should try them to improve their immune system and digestion.